Eye drops or eye drops are liquid drops applied directly to the surface of the eye usually in small amounts such as a single drop or a few drops.
Eye drops usually contain saline to match the salinity of the eye. Drops containing only saline and sometimes a lubricant are often used as artificial tears to treat dry eyes or simple eye irritation such as itching or redness. Eye drops may also contain one or more medications to treat a wide variety of eye diseases.
Eye drops have less of a risk of side effects than do oral medicines, and such risk can be minimized by occluding the lacrimal punctum (i.e. pressing on the inner corner of the eye) for a short while after instilling drops.
Prior to the development of single-use pre-loaded sterile plastic applicators, eye drops were administered using an eye dropper, a glass pipette with a rubber bulb.
Although most bottles of eye drops contain preservatives to inhibit contamination once opened, these will not prevent contamination indefinitely. Ophthalmologists recommend keeping bottles for no longer than three months after opening.
|Ofloxacin 3% & Betamethasone Sodium Phosphate 0.05% Eye/Eye Drops||0.3% & 0.05%||10 ml|
|Dorzolamide 2% & Timolol 0.5% BP||2% & 0.5%||5 ml|
|Gentamicin BP Eye/Eye Drop 0.3% w/v||0.30%||10 ml|
|Tobramycin 0.3% w/v Eye/Eye Drop||0.30%||10 ml|
|Glycerin & Carboxymethycelloulose Sodium Eye Drops||0.3% & 0.5%||10 ml|